Garden of Rare Vines at ciceron
Three years ago, Claude Vialade decided to follow a path of innovation for the Domaines Auriol and to make the garden of Cicéron a garden of rare vines.The approach has been thought through in advance and very professionally with the support of an expert in each domaine: The pedology and the viticulture. Matthieu Dubernet, director of the oenological laboratory and also an agronomist, advised on the varietals and Olivier Tregoat advised on the pedology and the mapping, Oliver has in particular realised the study of the terroirs of the Cheval Blanc. The object of the studies was to be able to properly define with great precision the almost perfect consistency between the soil and the varietal. For this 34 soil pits have been realised on the different zones of the parcels. The results show different profiles for the soil even within the same parcel.
Characteristics of the rootstock:
R110: The R110 is a rootstock obtained in 1902 by Franz Richter. It is a variety issued from a cross between a Vitis berlandieri cv Resseguier no. 2 and Vitis rupestris cv Martin. This rootstock offers very good resistance to drought and low resistance to humidity. It can adapt to gravely soil, dry sandy soil, and terrain that is very hot. R110 roots take very well. It is the rootstock the most resistant to drought. It delays maturity and presents an incompatibility with Syrah.
Fercal: Fercal is a rootstock obtained in 1958 par INRA. According to genetic analysis undertaken at Montpellier,it is a variety issued from a cross between the Berlandieri Colombard no. 1B (itself issued in reality from a cross between Vitis Berlandieri and Vitis vinifera cv Ugni-Blanc), and the 31 Richter (issued from a cross between Vitis berlandieri cv Rességuier no. 2 and Vitis longii cv Novo-mexicana). This rootstock offers a good resistance to drought and a medium to good resistance to humidity. It can adapt to all types of soil, especially deficient soil. Fercal is sensitive to a lack of magnesium. It is resistant to nematodes and remains vigorous in non chlorosis situations. It is the rootstock the most resistant to chlorosis
Characteristics of the defined varietals:
- Verdejo: Is certainly, one of the biggest white Spanish varietals. It is often planted in the region of Rueda, next to the Duero estuary, where it gives white wine its character and its indisputable personality, an aroma of freshly cut grass. It has lots of body, and good construction.
- Albarino: Varietal by excellence in Galice (A region situated in the North West of Spain). This white varietal offers floral aromas and peach savours, with a few spicy hints.
- Marselan: A Black varietal, originating in France, a cross between the Cabernet Sauvignon and the Black Grenache which was created in 1961, near Marseillan by researchers from INRA and ENSAM. It gives to red wine an aroma of cocoa, blackcurrant, or even spices. The robe is very colourful and has medium body on the palate, with fine tannins and a good suppleness.
- Cabernet Franc: A black varietal which is distinguished by its aromatic finesse, its spicy aromas and sometimes by pepper. It possesses a good aptitude for maturing. The famous Château Cheval Blanc (White Horse Castle) in Gironde presents 60% of its vine population in Cabernet Franc.
- Grenache: The black Grenache is a Spanish varietal which was imported from the middle ages to Languedoc. Planted in soil that is dry and stony, it is very productive. These wines are often strong in alcohol and a little acid; it liberates a profusion of black fruit like plum or fig underlined by hints of cocoa, coffee and spices.
The Olive Trees
Olive trees are a symbol of peace, wisdom and eternity. Its knotted silhouette evokes the sun, the heat and the singing of the cicadas. The grey-green evergreen leaves make it one of the most beautiful trees all year round. For years these trees have also been the inspiration of artists, writers, and painters. And thus the Château Cicéron was obliged to have some in order to complete the picturesque painting of rare beauty.
Different varieties of olive trees have been planted at Cicéron in order to ensure good pollination and an abundant production. It was therefore necessary to install other varieties (Cayon, Picholine and Lucques) as well as the dominant variety which is the Olivière.
The olive tree owes its reputation to an exceptional growth potential. This evergreen tree possesses extraordinary longevity. Despite fire or frost, or even if the trunk is destroyed, the olive tree will regrow tirelessly, faithful to life, turned towards the light. Olive trees live for several centuries and the serene beauty of mature subjects, their magnificent knotted trunk underlines this impression of force and wisdom which touches us so much.